Wealth and poverty
Over one-third of the population lives below the poverty line and it is estimated that the richest 10% share 32% of the total income.
Education and work
The official literacy rate is 92%, but limited government spending on education and low rates of secondary school attendance mean that the functional literacy rate is likely to be much lower.
About 70% of the population work in subsistence agriculture. Industry is limited and employs only about 7% of people, while 23% work in service areas.
Industries and products
Myanmar's main agricultural products are rice, pulses, beans, sesame, peanuts and sugarcane. Agricultural processing and the production of wood and wood products, copper, tin, tungsten, iron, cement, construction materials, pharmaceuticals, fertiliser, oil and natural gas, clothing, jade and gems are the main industries.
Myanmar's official exports consist of gas, wood products, pulses, beans, fish and rice. In 2012, the main countries of export were Thailand (41%), India (15%) and China (14%). Myanmar imports fabric, petroleum products, fertiliser, plastics, machinery, transport equipment, cement, construction materials, crude oil, food products and edible oil from China (37%), Thailand (20%), and Singapore (9%).